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LESSON FIVE

 

OBJETIVO:  destacar nessa lição a continuação da conjugação do verbo no passado e fazer uma revisão das lições anteriores. desta vez o tempo a ser estudado será o  Past Perfect.

 

PRÉ-REQUISITO: ter visto as lições anteriores.

 

LESSON FIVE

 

STRUCTURE

 

FORM

 

affirmative:

 

sujeito + had + verbo principal no particípio passado

 

EX: I had eaten some fruits before you arrived.

 

she had read  many letters.

 

negative:

 

EX: I had not / hadn’t  eaten fruit before you arrived.

 

interrogative:

 

EX: had  you  found  your  old book?

 

had  she  already spoken  with your mother before?

 

COMO E QUANDO USAR O PAST PERFECT?

 

Para descrever uma ação ocorrida no passado antes de outra ação também ocorrida no passado.pode-se usar o seguintes advérbios : already,never, seldom, always.

 

NOTE:

 

forma contracta  de  had é ‘d.

 

ex: she had

 

she’d

 

REVIEW-  I

 

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

 

sujeito + to be + verbo + ing

 

EX: I am visiting my family.

 

usado para:

 

1. uma ação que ocorre no momento em que se fala.

 

2. uma ação presente, que nem sempre pode estar ocorrendo na hora em que é mencionado.

 

3. ações que sempre se repetem.

 

SIMPLE  FUTURE

 

sujeito + will + verbo + complemento

 

EX: I will visit my friends next weekend.

 

No futuro é necessário o uso do verbo auxiliar will.

 

» will  pode ser substituído por shall na 1ª pessoa do singular e do plural.

 

formas contracta:

 

will= ‘ll

 

shall=’ll

 

will not= won’t

 

shall not= shan’t

 

É USADO PARA:

 

» descrever ações futuras.

 

» expressar decisões tomadas de imediato.

 

IMMEDIATE  FUTURE

 

sujeito   +    to be +  going to    +    verbo   +   complemento

 

EX:       we          are        going to        travel  to Las Vegas  tomorrow morning.

 

É USADO PARA:

 

» descrever  algo que está prestes a acontecer.

 

SIMPLE  PAST

 

sujeito  +  verbo  no passado  + complemento

 

EX: I studied English with my friend yesterday.

 

É USADO PARA:

 

» descrever ações já ocorridas.

 

REFLEXIVE AND EMPHASIZING PRONOUNS:

 

I= myself

 

you=youself

 

he= himself

 

she= herself

 

it= itself

 

we= ourselves

 

you= yourselves

 

they= themselves

 

» Os pronomes reflexivos surgem quando o sujeito sofre e faz a ação. também servem para enfatizar o sujeito.

 

EX: I always cut myself.

 

NEW  VERBS

 

to leave= deixar, partir, sair

 

to arrive= chegar

 

to lose= perder

 

to dream= sonhar

 

NEW WORDS

 

arm= braço

 

shoulder= ombros

 

foot= pé

 

hand= mão

 

brain=cérebro

 

bag= bolsa

 

bee= abelha

 

candle= vela

 

daily= diário

 

employment= emprego

 

job= emprego

 

freedom= liberdade

 

knowledge= conhecimento

 

law= lei

 

lonely=solitário

 

NEW  EXPRESSIONS

 

amazing= surpreendente

 

and so on= etc...

 

to hurry up= apressar- se

 

to go on= continuar

 

to run into= entrar

 

ACTIVITY

 

1. se the contract form:

 

a) they had brought the dog with them.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

b) she had studied a lot, when her father arrived.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

c) I had not eaten anything when my mother arrived.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

d) she had not left her book with me.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

e) he had lost his wallet last week.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

2. translation

 

a) eu  perdi meu emprego.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

b) nós viajaremos com meus  pais.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

c) ela não gosta de cebola.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

d) ele não tinha estudado as leis e perdeu a liberdade.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

e) nós compraremos uma bolsa para minha mãe.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

3. use the past perfect with the verbs in parentheses in the sentences below:

 

a) Ane and his boyfriend ________________ ( leave) the party after we arrived.

 

b) they ____________________( lose) their homework when the teacher entered the classroom.

 

c) she arrived at home after her family ______________( eat).

 

d) John  lost the pen that her girlfriend_______________( give) him.

 

e) I___________(leave) my house when you called me.

 

f) when we called Francy , she _____________ already ____________( leave).

 

g) I ____________( sleep) for three hours when Paul knocked the door.

 

h) Nick didn’t go to the movies with me. he___________ (see) that film.

 

4. pass the sentences to present continuous:

 

a) I read a newspaper.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

b) she drank a glass of milk.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

c) we worked a lot.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

d) I will leave this room.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

e) John and Julie study English now.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

5. use the simple future in this sentences:

 

I don’t arrive in your house this afternoon.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

we went to the movies last night.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

she learned to dance with me!

 

_______________________________________________________

 

did they  travel to New York last month?

 

_______________________________________________________

 

he is reading  this new book.

 

_______________________________________________________

 

GABARITO

 

1) a) they’d

 

b) she’d

 

c) I’d not/ I hadn’t

 

d) she’d not/ she hadn’t

 

e) he’d

 

2) a) I lost my job ( employment)

 

b) we will travel with my parents.

 

c) she doesn’t like onion.

 

d) he had not/ hadn’t studied laws and he lost the freedom.

 

e) we will a wallet to my mother.

 

3) a) had left

 

b) had lost

 

c) had eaten

 

d) had given

 

e) had left

 

f) had left

 

g) had slept

 

h) had seen

 

4) a) I am reading a newspaper.

 

b) she is drinking a glass of milk.

 

c) we are working a lot.

 

d) I am leaving this room.

 

e) John and Julie are studying English now.

 

5) a) I won’t arrive in your house this afternoon.

 

b) we will go to the movies tomorrow night.

 

c) she will learn to dance with me!

 

d) will they travel to New York next month?

 

e) he will read this new book.

 

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